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Managing insects on indoor plants

Pest problems are less in healthy plants

Prevent or reduce pest problems in indoor plants by selecting the right plants and providing good overall care. Learn about the basic care and growing requirements for your plant.

Grow plants in the best conditions

Select plants with growing needs that are suitable for the indoor environment (humidity, light, temperature). Plants cannot fight pests when they are struggling to grow in very low light, high humidity or dry soil, high temperature or very cold air temperature.

The plants need regular watering

Find out how much water your plant needs. Water the soil at the base of the plant, not the leaves. Make sure the plant pot is well-drained. Avoid letting plants stand in water. Excessive watering and poor drainage can promote root rot and fungal mosquitoes and other insect problems.

Understand the nutritional needs of your plant

Apply half the amount of fertilizer at the recommended strength. Fertilize when the plant is actively growing.

Keep the plants clean

Place on the surface of the soil without dead leaves, stems and flowers. Wash plant leaves with a damp cloth as dust and dirt will reduce plant health. Never use leaf gloss products or milk. Prune dead branches and stems.

Use fresh, sterile potting soil when potting plants

Never pot indoor plants using the soil in the garden. Avoid using soil in open pockets of potting soil that sits outside to pot indoor plants. Store in your outdoor pots. Plant in clean pots and wash the soil from the plant roots.

Early detection is important for managing pests

The best way to prevent pests is to detect the pests before they become a problem. Examine all plant parts and containers thoroughly before bringing them to the store or home for the winter. Because some insects are so small, you may have to use a magnifying glass. Inspect the top and bottom of the leaves for insects, webs, holes, and eggs. Examine discolored leaves as evidence of pest problem. The ten-power hand magnifying lens is helpful when looking for insects. There are also magnifier applications for smartphones.

Look for polished, sticky honeycomb, made from aphids, mites, and scale insects, on the surface of the leaves, tablets, and other materials around and below the plant. Check plant containers for signs of pests on edges, edges, the bottom of pots, trays, and cracks. Remove if available. Isolate the newly acquired plants for one to two weeks so that any pest problems may appear. Check for pests when you water, fertilize, or clean plants Some insects, such as springtails and fungal mosquitoes, move due to water, making them easier to spot. Use yellow or blue sticky traps to detect flying insects such as whiteflies, fungal mosquitoes, winged aphids, and thrips.

How to deal with pests in indoor plants

Many pest problems in indoor plants can be managed using non-chemical methods, especially if the infection is minor.


Wipe the leaves with a damp paper towel and change the pieces frequently to prevent spreading. Spray small plants in a sink. Spray large plants in a shower.

Physically remove pests

Handle large insects such as earwigs, caterpillars, slugs, and millipedes. Small insects can be removed using a fingernail file or something similar. Milebox can be removed using tweezers or a cotton cloth soaked in alcohol. Some pests can be forcibly removed by spraying with water. Replace the new potting soil to remove the pests that are spreading in the soil. Use clean pots and wash the soil from the roots of the plant.


If pests are isolated on a few leaves, stems, or branches, prune.

When infections are high, prune the most severely affected plant parts. This makes it easier to deal with pests on the rest of the plant. Depending on the type of infection and the type of plant, pruning it can help eliminate pests.

See new development for symptoms of infection.

Throw away the plant or put compost

Necessary and economical if the plant is badly damaged and badly damaged. The same pest problem Avoids exposure to dead plants.

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